The Israeli-Palestinian relationship, at the center of the Israeli national security discourse, has wide implications for Israel’s security. Though not a classic case of hard power that threatens the security of Israel, it is a hotly debated and sensitive political issue in Israel. The Palestinians’ soft power and the ability to upset the regional dynamic is the matter of deep concern for Israel. The Palestinians can potentially destabilize the demographic balance in the State of Israel and change its national character. The proximity of the areas inhabited by Palestinians to the centers of Israeli population enables them to disrupt normal life in Israel by applying terror against the Israeli territory. In addition, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has a strong effect on the Arab and Muslim “street” and on the relationship the Arab and Muslim world has with Israel and the West.
Israel has attempted different military and political instruments to manage this conflict or to try to resolve it, so far with limited success. The Israeli-Palestinian program at INSS aims to look at this conflict from the broadest possible perspective, analyzing it and trying to form political and security policy recommendations that can assist in handling this extremely important and sensitive problem. It also intends to contribute to the public debate on these subjects, taking into account the enormous importance of public opinion in Israel’s drive to resolve this conflict.
INSS Insight No. 1176, June 16, 2019
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