The public and political discourse in Israel today about the future of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is grounded in a conceptual binary approach that was formed over the last two decades: striving to resolve the conflict by negotiating a permanent status agreement based on the principle of two states for two peoples between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea, or continuing to manage the conflict, as has occurred since 1967. Given that Israel and the Palestinians are currently enmeshed in a political deadlock, the Institute for National Security Studies (INSS) formulated a political-security framework for action on the Palestinian issue that has two objectives: to improve Israel’s strategic position and to prevent it from sliding into a one-state reality. The gist of this framework is to design an improved situation that will retain future options for the end of Israel’s rule over the Palestinians in the West Bank, and ensure a solid Jewish majority in a democratic Israel. In other words: the objective of the framework is to prepare the groundwork for a two-state reality for the purpose of preserving a Jewish, democratic, secure, and moral Israel.

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Researchers on Israeli-Palestinian Relations

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